Backyard Naturalist: Open your eyes to the animal world around you

  • A bobcat track is shown next to a glove to show off the scale of what was left behind in the snow. Photo by Susie Spikol—

  • Turkey tracks found in the snowy woods. Photo by Susie Spikol—

  • Raccoon tracks left behind tell a little story about where this animal was going. Photo by Susie Spikol—

Backyard Naturalist
Published: 3/2/2020 10:55:42 PM

We are kneeling in the snow on a cold winter’s day. Our mittens are off and my fourth grade students are running their fingers along the rippled paw prints of the red fox we’ve been following. We touch the frozen tracks and imagine a little bit of the fox is rubbing off on us – as though we can feel its wildness enter into us through our fingertips.

With winter’s gray skies, frigid temperatures, and stormy weather, days can feel like drudgery but for me, there is a silver lining – tracking. Paw prints from our wild mammal neighbors are revealed with just a dusting of snow offering us a peak into their secret lives. Behind my house which is less than a five-minute walk into Hancock’s downtown, this winter, I’ve found bobcat, fox, coyote, otter, weasel, skunk, and raccoon tracks plus all the squirrels and mice you could imagine.

John Kulish, the Harris Center’s first naturalist and author of the 1969 classic “Bobcats Before Breakfast” wrote, “Every night, dramas are written in the woods. Tragedy, comedy, irony, mystery are all set down there waiting to be read.” Learning how to track is like learning a new language that is rich in information. It gives you a glimpse into the world of wild creatures who live tucked into our stonewalls, forests, wetlands and fields. Kulish, who was a registered Maine guide and life-long tracker, reminds us, “Every animal that walks, every bird that flies, knows how to write. They all leave notes. Some even letters. Wild creatures do not write as we do, for some of them write with their teeth, some with their claws, some with their wingtips, and some even with their tails. All of them write with their tracks…”

So how do we learn to read their notes and understand their letters? First I’d like to suggest that you trust yourself as a human. Think about it – each one of us is here because our ancient ancestors not only knew how to track but had to be an expert at it. This skill was essential to survival. It could mean the difference between life and death. We must be somewhat hardwired to track and notice these signs around us. Your skill might be out of practice but as you begin to tune in, you will notice how we are adept keying into tracks. From the small leaping trail of a squirrel to the lone straight path of a red fox, a whole wild world awaits your discovery when you just begin to pay attention.

Finding tracks is the easy part, especially in snow but learning how to interpret what you find is the exciting part. Tracking is like solving a mystery. The first thing is to investigate the evidence. Look at the track closely. Ask yourself some basic questions about what you are seeing. Is it a hoof or a paw? If it’s a paw, how many toes can you count? Follow the track and notice the behavior of the animal through its trail. What is it doing? Did it climb a tree, enter a hole, or disappear into a stream? Animals reveal themselves through their behavior, so pay attention to where the track is going and what the animal seems to be doing.

Then think about suspects. Familiarize yourself with which mammals live in our region. A great resource for that is New Hampshire Fish and Game’s species list available on their website at Knowing which mammals we have here in New Hampshire, will really help you narrow down your field of suspects.

Once you’ve followed a trail for a bit and pondered possible suspects, then work on trying to identify the track. There are many wonderful guides to help you. Some of my favorites include Don and Lillian Stoke’s “Stokes Guide to Animals Tracking and Behavior” and Mark Elbroch’s comprehensive “Mammal Tracks and Sign: A Guide to North American Species”. My favorite guide for beginners, though, is a free tracking card specific to New Hampshire from NHF&G at It even has a ruler to help you measure the length and width of the track.

Again, I go back to John Kulish, who inspired many local people through his work at the Harris Center, Sargent Center, and ConVal High School, who wrote, “One does not need a library card to borrow nature’s books. They are ours for the searching. Like all great literature, they touch the heart.”

So consider heading outside this winter and scanning the snow for tracks. When you find some, and you will, bend down low and un-glove your hand. Let your fingers travel the edges of the track. Feel where something untamed wandered by and perhaps, just a bit of that wildness will touch you back and untame you for a moment or more.

For those interested, John Kulish's classic, “Bobcats Before Breakfast”, is available for purchase at the Har ris Center in Hancock or the Toadstool in Peterborough.

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